The Ficus Bonsai is a favourite of beginners and experts alike and is the perfect Bonsai for indoors. Especially great for Canada, as this tree doesn't not like frost. In the summer the Ficus is happy to be outside, although make sure the temperature stays above 15 degrees celsius. The Ficus is a vigorous grower and easy to keep happy and growing healthy for many years.
Repotting is suggested every year or two under the age of 10, after the age of ten when the tree has matured and settled in, repotting every 3-5 years is fine. The ficus can withstand root pruning happily. If a thick growing trunk is desired, the Ficus can be left in a large pot with good drainage and not be pruned back until the desired thickness is achieved. After which the tree can be pruned back and will continue its growth.
This Bonsai is probably your best bet as an indoor Bonsai and you will enjoy it for years to come.
These are not seeds - But Actual Bonsai Tree
Please see our Choosing a Bonsai page, for the age and dimensions regarding the different stages of our Bonsai (Baby, Young, & Mature).
It is important for the soil have good water retention while also draining well, along with very good aeration. The quality of the soil directly affects the health, size and growth of your tree. One of the worst things you can do to your tree is plant it in regular garden soil. Garden soil hardens when it drys and can often lead to a disadvantage when growing a Bonsai.
Soil mixtures can be purchased here, but given their weight and cost of shipping, you can also easily make your own.
Depending on the type of Bonsai you're growing, here are the general formulas for successful mixtures.
Deciduous Tree (Leafy and looses leafs in the fall)
10% Potting Compost
Coniferous Tree (Evergreen like Juniper, Cedar)
If you are not able to check on your Bonsai's moisture levels daily, add more Akadama to the mix.
Given how these soils erode over time, repotting every 2-3 years is required.
Here are some suitable replacements if you cannot find the recommended types of soil.
- Akadama - fine fired or baked clays, some even recommend cat litter as a substitute.
- Pumice - fine crushed aggregates, expanded shale and vermiculite.
- Lava Rock - This can be replaced with fine gravel or you can also look into purchasing a larger lava rock at a hardware or gardening centre and crushing it.
One of the best and easiest ways to fertilize your Bonsai, is to add a liquid fertilizer mix when water your Bonsai's once a month during the spring/summer. If your Bonsai looses leaves in the winter there is no need to fertilize it then. If you have a coniferous tree, fertilizing the tree once in the beginning of winter and once in the middle of winter should be sufficient.