A crucial part of training Bonsai is the wire. Although wire use in the shaping of the tree is fairly recent, compared to the age fo the art itself. Today it has become an inseparable part of the art of Bonsai.
We are happy to offer anodized aluminum wire in various thicknesses.
Here are some tip s when choosing your wire thickness.
1mm - Best for young branches, delicate work. This wire is not strong enough to wire trunks or thick branches, but perfect to start the training process on thinner branches. This wire comes in 17-foot rolls.
- 2mm - Probably your best all-rounder. This thickness is great for young trunks, just starting their training process, as in our baby collection or more established branches in Young and Mature Bonsai. This wire comes in 10-foot rolls.
- 3mm - Although there are thicker gauges, we would say that if you can't train it with 3mm wire, you probably need a trunk bender tool. This wire is best for training trunks on our Young Bonsai collections and is a must in any Bonsai enthusiast's arsenal. This wire comes in 10-foot rolls.
It is important for the soil have good water retention while also draining well, along with very good aeration. The quality of the soil directly affects the health, size and growth of your tree. One of the worst things you can do to your tree is plant it in regular garden soil. Garden soil hardens when it drys and can often lead to a disadvantage when growing a Bonsai.
Soil mixtures can be purchased here, but given their weight and cost of shipping, you can also easily make your own.
Depending on the type of Bonsai you're growing, here are the general formulas for successful mixtures.
Deciduous Tree (Leafy and looses leafs in the fall)
10% Potting Compost
Coniferous Tree (Evergreen like Juniper, Cedar)
If you are not able to check on your Bonsai's moisture levels daily, add more Akadama to the mix.
Given how these soils erode over time, repotting every 2-3 years is required.
Here are some suitable replacements if you cannot find the recommended types of soil.
- Akadama - fine fired or baked clays, some even recommend cat litter as a substitute.
- Pumice - fine crushed aggregates, expanded shale and vermiculite.
- Lava Rock - This can be replaced with fine gravel or you can also look into purchasing a larger lava rock at a hardware or gardening centre and crushing it.
One of the best and easiest ways to fertilize your Bonsai, is to add a liquid fertilizer mix when water your Bonsai's once a month during the spring/summer. If your Bonsai looses leaves in the winter there is no need to fertilize it then. If you have a coniferous tree, fertilizing the tree once in the beginning of winter and once in the middle of winter should be sufficient.