Mugo Pine Dwarf


The Mugo Pine (Latin: Pinus mugo) is widely considered not only one of the most beautiful pines that are highly suitable for Bonsai but also much easier to grow and maintain when compared to Japanese Black Pine or Japanese White Pine. 

This is a great pine for beginners and a favourite of experts. This dwarf cultivar has very tight, short green needles and excellent branching. 

Our dwarf Variety of the Mugo Pine, also known as the mountain pine or Swiss pine features tight needle growth achieving a full look without a lengthy ramification period. 

In the pictures, you will notice what our young Mugo Pine looks like, along with a picture taken right after the repotting and pruning of one of our young Mugo Pines.  


These are not seeds - But Actual Bonsai Tree

Please see our Choosing a Bonsai page, for the age and dimensions regarding the different stages of our Bonsai (Baby, Young, & Mature).

Soil (Substrate)

Bonsai soils are usually a mixture of organic potting compost (Pine Bark or Forest Floor), Akadamapumice, lava rock in varying amounts. 

It is important for the soil have good water retention while also draining well, along with very good aeration. The quality of the soil directly affects the health, size and growth of your tree. One of the worst things you can do to your tree is plant it in regular garden soil. Garden soil hardens when it drys and can often lead to a disadvantage when growing a Bonsai. 

Soil mixtures can be purchased here, but given their weight and cost of shipping, you can also easily make your own. 


Depending on the type of Bonsai you're growing, here are the general formulas for successful mixtures. 

Deciduous Tree (Leafy and looses leafs in the fall)

50% Akadama

20% Pumice

20% Lava Rock

10% Potting Compost


Coniferous Tree (Evergreen like Juniper, Cedar)

1/3 Akadama

1/3 Pumice

1/3 Lava Rock


If you are not able to check on your Bonsai's moisture levels daily, add more Akadama to the mix. 

Given how these soils erode over time, repotting every 2-3 years is required. 


Here are some suitable replacements if you cannot find the recommended types of soil.

  • Akadama - fine fired or baked clays, some even recommend cat litter as a substitute. 
  • Pumice - fine crushed aggregates, expanded shale and vermiculite.
  • Lava Rock - This can be replaced with fine gravel or you can also look into purchasing a larger lava rock at a hardware or gardening centre and crushing it. 



One of the best and easiest ways to fertilize your Bonsai, is to add a liquid fertilizer mix when water your Bonsai's once a month during the spring/summer. If your Bonsai looses leaves in the winter there is no need to fertilize it then. If you have a coniferous tree, fertilizing the tree once in the beginning of winter and once in the middle of winter should be sufficient.


Customer Reviews

Based on 2 reviews
Stephan Gabos (Canmore, CA)
Beautiful small shrub

Received an excellent strong, healthy, and well established dwarf mugo pine with numerous branches, great crown (about 12" or 30 cm in diameter) and nice needles. Ready for training in various possible styles. Great product and service, thank you!

cathy pearson (Bowmanville, CA)

It was a surprisingly wonderful gift. It was in great condition and the instructions were a terrific help.

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