Bald Cypress


The Bald Cypress, Taxodium distichum, is typically a tall tree with reddish-brown bark. Needle-shaped leaves that turn auburn in the fall and fall off make it a very unique specimen. The Bald Cypress looks like a conifer in the growing season, but its branches and ramification can be admired during the winter since it is deciduous. 


The Bald Cypress enjoys full sun and warm environments and can be grown both outdoors and indoors during the growing season in Canada. However, it needs to be protected when it gets cold as it cannot withstand low temperatures when in a container or pot at all. 


  1. During the summer, the Bald Cypress needs a lot of water and, unlike other Bonsai, can even do well in standing water. So on sweltering days, you can place the tree in a shallow dish with standing water if you cannot water it often. 
  2. When it has lost its leaves during the winter months, it will require less water, but the Bald Cypress should never dry out. 
  3. It is good practice to check on the soil often until you are familiar with its watering needs. 

  • Training: wiring is best recommended on younger shoots and twigs. Older branches should not be wired as they are very stiff and can snap easily. 

  • Pruning: Pruning is best recommended to be done in the spring or fall, but not too early. Pruning too early will cause dieback and weaker branches to fall off during the fall. 

  • Repotting: repot once every 2-3 years and older ones once every 3-5 years. Make sure to not repot on years where hard pruning has been done. 


BABY: 6" - 12" tall, comes in a 3.5" grower's pot.

YOUNG: 10"-18" tall, comes in a 6" grower's pot. 

MATURE: 12" - 24" tall, comes in an 8" handmade ceramic pot.


These are not seeds - But an Actual Living Bonsai Tree.

Please see our Choosing a Bonsai page for the age and dimensions regarding the different stages of our Bonsai (Baby, Young, & Mature).

Soil (Substrate)

Bonsai soils are usually a mixture of organic potting compost (Pine Bark or Forest Floor), Akadamapumice, lava rock in varying amounts. 

It is important for the soil have good water retention while also draining well, along with very good aeration. The quality of the soil directly affects the health, size and growth of your tree. One of the worst things you can do to your tree is plant it in regular garden soil. Garden soil hardens when it drys and can often lead to a disadvantage when growing a Bonsai. 

Soil mixtures can be purchased here, but given their weight and cost of shipping, you can also easily make your own. 


Depending on the type of Bonsai you're growing, here are the general formulas for successful mixtures. 

Deciduous Tree (Leafy and looses leafs in the fall)

50% Akadama

20% Pumice

20% Lava Rock

10% Potting Compost


Coniferous Tree (Evergreen like Juniper, Cedar)

1/3 Akadama

1/3 Pumice

1/3 Lava Rock


If you are not able to check on your Bonsai's moisture levels daily, add more Akadama to the mix. 

Given how these soils erode over time, repotting every 2-3 years is required. 


Here are some suitable replacements if you cannot find the recommended types of soil.

  • Akadama - fine fired or baked clays, some even recommend cat litter as a substitute. 
  • Pumice - fine crushed aggregates, expanded shale and vermiculite.
  • Lava Rock - This can be replaced with fine gravel or you can also look into purchasing a larger lava rock at a hardware or gardening centre and crushing it. 



One of the best and easiest ways to fertilize your Bonsai, is to add a liquid fertilizer mix when water your Bonsai's once a month during the spring/summer. If your Bonsai looses leaves in the winter there is no need to fertilize it then. If you have a coniferous tree, fertilizing the tree once in the beginning of winter and once in the middle of winter should be sufficient.


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